CHATHAM, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - Aug. 21, 2012) - Three days of extensive yield checks by FS crop sales specialists across southwestern and central Ontario show that yield ranges are quite wide. This speaks to the variability in rainfall that was experienced by farmers this year.
The third annual Great Lakes Grain Crop Assessment tour took place Aug. 15 to 17 with its partners AGRIS Co-operative and FS PARTNERS, and participation from Wanstead Farmer's Co-operative. A total of 31 corn and soybean sites were observed throughout the Great Lakes Grain trading area.
"It seems every year we talk about variability and this year is no different, except for the very clear magnitude of the variability experienced between three very distinct areas," says Dale Cowan senior agronomist for Southern Co-operative Services.
The main regions in Ontario that were looked at were in the northern and southern parts of FS PARTNERS territories which mainly included the counties of Simcoe, Perth, Waterloo, Brant and Norfolk and the very southwestern region of AGRIS Co-operative's trading area in the counties of Essex, Kent, Elgin and Middlesex. The event was generously sponsored by DEKALB Canada.
Rainfall and excessive heat dominated agricultural headlines all summer long and indeed, the conclusions gathered from the Great Lakes Grain crop assessment tour supported those headlines. There was a clear line of yield differences between the areas that received timely rains and those that did not.
The corn crop for the most part had a good start throughout the trading area. All sites had adequate populations and high row counts on the cobs. Low yield areas had cob length less than four inches, whereas the high yield areas were greater than 5.6 to six inches (five kernels per inch). The populations and row number were very similar. Nitrogen and potash deficiency could be found mostly in the drought areas. "The harvest may only be slightly earlier this year by just one week rather than the two to three weeks we all anticipated," says Cowan.
The total count of soybean pods and seeds this year included the top most pods that looked like they would make beans. The report concluded that as long as the moisture comes and temperatures remain moderate throughout August, those pods will most likely fill. Most soybean fields were well into bean filling stages of R5 to R6. At 150,000 plants per acre, a single node with three pods and three beans could add seven bushels per acre. A yield of 40 bushels or 65 bushels per acre will depend on August weather and how many of those top nodes make soybeans. "The soybean crop still has a way to go before maturity and we may be looking at normal harvest dates for the bulk of this crop," says Cowan.
To view the complete crop assessment report details visit - Great Lakes Grain - Crop Assessment Report 2012
Great Lakes Grain is a grain marketing partnership between GROWMARK, Inc. and AGRIS Co-operative Ltd. Great Lakes Grain is one of the largest operators of Ontario country elevators. It represents close to 460,000 MT (18 million bushels) of storage capacity with total marketing in excess of 37 million bushels serving farmers at more than 30 AGRIS Co-operative and FS PARTNERS branded locations from Windsor through to Toronto and north to Georgian Bay.
Visit http://www.agris.coop or www.greatlakesgrain.com or www.fspartners.ca for more information.